A Guide to Forensic Accounting

Committing fraud has never been as prevalent and sophisticated as it is today. Criminals often use the Internet to commit fraud, making these crimes easier than ever. Research indicates that more businesses are victims of fraud losses every year. Forensic accountants are professionals who use their numerical skills and auditing abilities to investigate suspicious financial activity. Companies can then use this evidence in trials to recover losses. Because of their important duties, forensic accountants earn lucrative salaries. This career is in demand, as the need for forensic accountants is rapidly increasing.

Applications of Forensic Accounting

Forensic accountants have specialized abilities to examine data to help track and recover missing money. Public accounting and consulting firms, law firms, law enforcement, and insurance companies hire forensic accountants. Forensic accountant duties vary depending on the setting. Some accountants work on large fraud cases, while others work in specialized fields to focus on only specific types of fraud. Testifying as an expert witness in a trial is an important part of a forensic accountant’s duties.

Tax Fraud

Money Laundering

Family and Marital Disputes

Business Economic Losses and Bankruptcies

Terrorism and Counterintelligence


A forensic accountant needs specialized skills to investigate, research, report, and testify about an audit. A forensic accounting audit involves an investigation to collect evidence, which usually includes looking for discrepancies that can suggest fraud. The accountant may interview staff to gain information. After collecting information, the forensic accountant forms a hypothesis and a plan. The next step involves reporting of data and information to present the case. The accountant makes recommendations for how to handle the case. Finally, the accountant may participate in litigation as an expert witness. The accountant presents findings and testifies against the offenders. The court will determine the final ruling in the case.

Prominent Forensic Accounting Investigations

Forensic accountants have been involved in a number of prominent cases, which show the need for people working in this profession.

How to Become a Forensic Accountant

Most forensic accounting positions require a bachelor’s degree in forensic accounting, accounting, or finance. Some people also enter the profession with a criminal justice or law enforcement degree. Earning a master’s degree or doctorate in forensic accounting provides a pathway to higher earning positions. Many companies require one to three years of general accounting experience before working as a forensic accountant.