How does your professional services organization define customer success? Is it when a customer makes a single purchase, or is it when a customer comes back again and again? If you didn’t choose the latter, get ready for a bit of a pep talk–because creating the kind of loyalty that brings customers back for more is completely attainable when you master customer lifecycle management.
A connected and cohesive team delivers exceptional customer engagements.
Before we jump into the ins and outs of customer lifecycle management, let’s clear the air around what can be pretty confusing jargon: customer lifecycle vs. customer journey. It’s important for professional services organizations to delineate between the two processes, so we want to be clear on their differences.
The customer journey (also commonly called the buyer journey) refers to the experiences a prospect has with your brand as they move through the stages of becoming a customer.
A traditional customer journey consists of three stages that each address different experiences the customer is having with your brand at a specific time. Depending on your organization, you may have different titles for these stages, but in general, they make up the marketing and sales funnel for a customer journey.
It’s called a funnel because while numerous prospects may enter it, fewer and fewer complete each stage as they go through their customer journey, leaving you with the cream of the crop.
While it looks like a nice, linear path on paper, the real customer journey is full of twists and turns as they conduct research, read reviews, and explore competitors. A brand’s level of control over the customer journey is only as good as the different touchpoints your customers encounter and how well they cater to your customer’s specific needs.
In short, the customer journey refers to how the customer interacts and engages with your brand. It’s important for marketing and sales to work together and be on the same page about what each stage looks like and how to leverage the resulting data–because that data is what drives the customer lifecycle.
While the customer journey is experienced by the customer and viewed from their perspective, the customer lifecycle is how your organization views and responds to the customer’s activities–and this is primarily done using metrics.
For example, the “awareness” stage of the buyer journey would be the time during which your company is tracking activity like impressions and reach on search, social media posts, and advertising.
The “consideration” stage would be considered the “acquisition” stage for your company, during which time your teams are tracking on-site activities like page views, asset downloads, or form submissions.
In the “decision” stage, your team is now focused on conversions, which means tracking site traffic sources, new and return visitor conversions, bounce rate, and exit pages to understand where you need to make on-site optimizations for continued conversions.
To summarize, the customer lifecycle refers to how your organization tracks and optimizes in response to the customer journey.
However, keep in mind that the customer journey and the customer lifecycle are deeply intertwined. You can’t really have one without the other; the customer’s journey drives your organization’s activities, and your organization’s activities help drive the customer’s journey.
That being said, there is one glaring and important difference between the lifecycle and the journey that we will be focusing on for the remainder of this post: the lifecycle continues after the customer becomes a customer.
If you’re concerned with creating repeat customers (and you should be), then your customer lifecycle activities must also be focused on providing exceptional experiences beyond the purchase.
There are, of course, names for the post-purchase stages as well:
Let’s delve into the entire customer lifecycle so you can learn how to master it at your professional services organization for greater customer success.
At the first stage of the customer lifecycle, your prospect is in an exploratory phase with your brand – they may have heard about your company in any number of ways, but once they begin checking you out, your concerns should be focused on:
Once the prospect takes any kind of action to engage with your brand, whether that be filling out a contact form, downloading a piece of content, or reaching out via phone or email, they officially enter your sales and marketing funnel. You now have some information about them and can begin the customer lifecycle. There are a few different classifications for a prospect at this stage:
As the prospect moves into different lead statuses, your organization should be taking actions as part of the customer lifecycle to appeal to their needs. Critical here is being careful not to jump ahead. Using sales tactics on a lead in the marketing stage, or treating a lead like they’re ready to buy, can quickly send them in the opposite direction.
Get marketing and sales teams on the same page with complete visibility into the customer lifecycle and buyer journey. With a single source of truth, there will be no confusion about what actions to deploy and when.
Once your sales qualified lead decides to make a purchase, they are a new customer – and the customer lifecycle really gets underway.
Post-purchase, your organization’s primary focus is on the “loyalty” and “evangelism” stages of the buyer journey. What actions will you take to ensure the customer keeps coming back again and again?
Your organization likely has multiple departments and teams that become involved at different stages of the customer lifecycle. How smoothly a customer is transferred (or “handed off”) from one to the other plays a significant role in their loyalty.
Be sure that your sales team, services team, and customer success team each understand their individual roles, and how those roles fit into the big picture of the customer lifecycle. Some tips include:
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